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What is osteochondrosis
Very few people can boast of the fact that they never experienced pain in the back. Sooner or later, almost everyone is facing this extremely unpleasant problem. And not so great a problem, if you just pulled the back muscles, or the pain appeared because of hypothermia. Often, everything turns out to be much worse, especially when such pains appear regularly and differ in serious intensity. And their cause is usually osteochondrosis - one of the most common diseases of the back. Let's see what is osteochondrosis, how does it manifest itself and how should it be treated?
What is this disease?
Osteochondrosis is a degenerative-dystrophic disease of the spine, which primarily affects intervertebral discs and can later spread to the ligamentous apparatus and bone structure of the vertebrae.
The most unpleasant is the fact that the cartilaginous tissue, from which the intervertebral discs are composed, is practically not restored, so the disk affected by osteochondrosis is almost "doomed" to destruction, the probability of "reversing the disease" is practically zero. Therefore, in cases when the disease has manifested itself, you can do only one thing - to stop its progression and to prevent its further development.
Why develop osteochondrosis?
Some people consider this disease to be "a payment of humanity for strangeness." Indeed, not a single four-legged animal has such a disease. In fact, no one can definitely name the cause of this disease. But the most common opinion is that this disease develops due to an incorrect distribution of the load on the spine with a weak muscular corset and ligament apparatus. To some extent this point of view is confirmed by existing methods of treatment, which are based on bringing the muscles and ligaments in the right state (in other words, training).
Proceeding from those facts about the development of the disease, which are now known, the following situations are highlighted that can trigger the development of the disease:
Sedentary and sedentary lifestyle, because of which the muscular corset of the back weakens;
Excessive physical activity;
Various back injuries;
Hereditary predisposition to this disease;
Long stay in an uncomfortable position (for example, due to professional duties) and incorrect posture;
Various metabolic disorders, as well as a lack of vitamins and trace elements.
Especially it makes sense to pay attention to the last point. Even with absolutely correct active way of life, there is a risk of the appearance of an osteochondrosis in a person simply due to a lack of necessary substances. At the moment, this problem is one of the key, since the right nutrition is given nowadays a minimum of attention. People often prefer sandwiches and hot dogs, and from such food the body can not get anything useful. And if this problem is aggravated by a sedentary lifestyle, and in combination with the periodic dragging of furniture in the apartment - the appearance of the disease is almost guaranteed.
What happens with this disease?
As we have already said, in the first place osteochondrosis damages intervertebral discs. In particular, due to metabolic disorders, the dehydration of the intervertebral disc nucleus begins, and the fibrous ring, which keeps the nucleus within its natural limits, begins to weaken and become covered with microcracks. The core, which has lost moisture and somewhat changed its composition, loses its cushioning function, but the pressure on it does not decrease, and in some cases even increases (for example, because of a set of excess weight, or the "well-wisher" advice to train your back in the gym).
As a result, the nucleus begins to press more and more on the fibrous ring, which is already not in the best condition. Sooner or later, the principle of "jackhammer" works and the ring begins to recede, resulting in protuberance - protrusion. This is not yet a full-fledged disc hernia, but only the first stage of its formation. The fibrous ring itself in this situation has not yet been ruptured and maintains integrity, in addition, the size of the protrusion is usually small.
The irony is that at this stage there is still a chance not only to stop the development of the disease, but also to fundamentally correct the situation, but at the same time, a person usually does not suspect the existence of a protrusion, since she does not show any symptoms. Only in rare cases and in some departments of the spine protrusion immediately declares itself a pain. So, for example, occurs with the formation of protrusion in the cervical region due to the high saturation of nerve endings and blood vessels. In this case, the symptom is usually not pain, but various neurological disorders - changes in the sensitivity of the hands, increased blood pressure, etc.
If the protrusion is not treated, then over time the fibrous ring can not stand and breaks, and the pulpous core goes beyond it, affecting the surrounding nerve endings (most often - the nerve roots) and the blood vessels. The formation of a hernia is accompanied by severe pain and various neurological disorders.
It should be noted that the symptoms can be completely different, they completely depend on which part of the spine the hernia has formed. For example, when a hernia appears in the lumbar region, there may be irregularities in the internal organs of the pelvis and neurological disorders in the legs and lower back (numbness, burning, changes in sensitivity, etc.). If the hernia was formed in the cervical region, then it often provokes irregularities in the work of the heart and an increase in blood pressure, etc.