Detailed Information About Muscle Relaxants Online Sale Without A Prescription
What is vertebral hernia
Intervertebral hernia is the displacement of a part of the deformed intervertebral disc. The most frequent localization of the hernia is the lumbar spine.
Most often, this disease occurs between the ages of 20 to 50 years and is one of the most common causes of temporary disability and often disability of the patient.
Herniated intervertebral discs are a serious complication of spinal osteochondrosis.
The disease occurs as a result of rupture of the intervertebral disc. The resulting hernia, protruding back and to the side, presses on the root of the nerve at the point of its exit from the spinal canal and causes inflammation accompanied by swelling. This explains why pain and loss of sensitivity do not appear immediately after the onset of the disease.
The strangulated root of the nerve sends painful impulses to the brain, which are perceived by the person as pain in that area, the sensitivity of which is provided by this nerve. Also in this area, coordination of movements and muscular strength are disrupted.
Than it is shown?
The main complaint is pain. Typically, pain occurs after moderate physical exertion, uncomfortable position in the workplace or in bed, when tilted with a simultaneous turn to the side, often in conjunction with lifting the severity. Then within a day there is pain and weakness in the area of innervation. When moving, coughing, sneezing or straining, the pain intensifies and often becomes so strong that a person needs a bed rest.
When the hernia of the disc in the lumbar region of pain is more often lamp-like (spreading on the external surface of the foot), can be permanent or transient.
In addition to pain, sensitivity disorders such as hypoesthesia (decreased sensitivity) and anesthesia (lack of sensitivity), and rarely hyperesthesia (sensitization) can be determined.
There are vegetative disorders in the form of a decrease in skin temperature, weak swelling (sweating), sweating changes, skin dryness increases. Sometimes patients can not straighten their legs due to pain. There may be neurotrophic disorders of the affected area in the form of weight loss (due to muscle atrophy).
The diagnosis is made by a neurologist or a neurosurgeon in the presence of the described symptoms. To refine it, the following methods are used: computed tomography, spondylography, radiography.
Usually this disease passes for 2-3 months with observance of a bed regimen and rest - the best preconditions for fast recovery without complications.
Just like with other diseases of the lumbar spine, it is recommended to lie on your back with your feet raised or placed on the pillow, changing the position of the body and finding a comfortable painless pose.
To reduce severe pain, it is possible to take painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs. After 3-4 weeks of pain, as a rule, significantly weaken, but the damage to the disc itself is not yet cured, therefore, in order to avoid possible complications in the form of chronic low back pain, rest for another month is necessary. The operation is indicated in the presence of pain, resistant to treatment, or with severe motor disorders.
Another method of treating intervertebral hernia in the acute stage is spinal traction. This is a very old way, interest in which has recently increased again. A pressure creates a differential pressure in the intervertebral space, which leads to the return of the bulged part of the disk to its original position. At the same time, it is necessary to find the right direction of action and to choose the appropriate force so as not to damage the spine even more. If the procedure is performed correctly, the pain should decrease rather than increase.
After an acute period of the disease, to strengthen the weakened muscles of the back and return to the spine the usual mobility, one should begin the exercises of therapeutic gymnastics. A faster and full recovery is facilitated by massage.
Sometimes a decrease in sensitivity in some places of the foot and a feeling of weakness in it is observed after the disappearance of pain. This is due to the fact that the damaged nerve root has not yet restored its functions. The volume of movements in this case, as a rule, remains normal.