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What are analgesics
"Analgetic" in translation from Greek means "without pain" or "against pain." This group of drugs can have natural, semi-synthetic and synthetic origin. Their main purpose is analgesia (withdrawal of pain syndrome).
In folk medicine for the removal of pain has long been used willow bark. Today it is already known that this natural remedy contains a special substance - salicin, which can be converted to salicylic acid (it has analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect).
Modern pharmacology offers to our attention a much greater range of painkillers (analgesics).
In the treatment of osteochondrosis, non-narcotic analgesics are used - they have different effects on the patient's body, because they differ in chemical composition and in accordance with the principle of action.
Groups of analgesics
The most widely used analgesics, which are derivatives of salicylic acid. This group includes:
Salicylate of sodium
The next group of analgesics are pyrazolone derivatives. Here you can distinguish:
The third group of analgesics is aniline derivatives. This includes such drugs as:
The most modern
Analgesics, most commonly used for osteochondrosis
Refer to derivatives of alkanoic acids. This group includes such medicines as:
Analgesics can be derivatives of anthranilic acid. This group includes:
There are other analgesics that can be used for pain in the spine and inflammatory process of soft tissues. Here you can distinguish:
Principle of action of analgesics
As already mentioned, analgesic drugs have a different principle of action. Analgesics can influence the production of prostaglandins and act directly on the focus of pain, or they can simply block the transmission of a pain signal to the brain.
Most of the analgesics, in addition to anesthesia, also provides an anti-inflammatory effect.
These are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs:
There are also such drugs that do not inhibit the inflammatory process. Antipyretics are: Finazone, Paracetamol, etc.
To quickly achieve an analgesic effect, analgesics are administered intramuscularly (using Analgin, Baralgin, Ketonal, etc.).
A variant of treatment and a regimen for taking analgesics for osteochondrosis (cervical, lumbar and thoracic spine) is prescribed by a doctor.
Before using such drugs, you need to make sure there are no contraindications.