Detailed Information About Muscle Relaxants
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Muscle weakness, or myasthenia gravis, occurs in an easy or severe form more often. Myasthenia gravis manifests itself in the weakness and excessive fatigability of the striated musculature, which performs the key functions in the human musculoskeletal system - it moves the human body or parts of it (for example, walking, raising one's hand, etc.) in space. The disease is chronic, it can not be cured independently, and also with the help of traditional medicine. This can lead to further deterioration of the condition and difficulties in the subsequent rehabilitation. Symptoms of muscle weakness Myasthenia symptoms are manifested primarily in those muscles that are weak due to their reflex (not volitional) activity. So, the first signs of the disease can be seen already on the muscles of the eyes. These are the so-called eye signs of myasthenia gravis.
The overwhelming majority of people suffering from this disease, there is an omission of the eyelids, a duality in the perception of the image. It is interesting that the degree of the disease can be different at different times and at different physical loads. For example, the lag of the eyelids is more pronounced in the morning, which is associated with a long period of relaxation during sleep, as well as during exercise. Further, bulbar signs appear. Suffer speech, swallowing and chewing muscles. After a short conversation the voice "sits down", it is more difficult for a person to pronounce articulate sounds, he starts to miss some sounds (sonorous, hissing), swallows the endings of words.
Chewing muscles, which also weaken, lead to the fact that a person can not fully chew food - sometimes it can run into the nose, which is not only unpleasant for the patient and unaesthetic by others, but a person can choke. Serious consequences may result in a malfunction of the musculature of the respiratory system. Speaking about the large muscles, it should be noted the weakness of the muscles of the shoulder and hips, which are located closer to the body.
Manifestations of muscle weakness can occur at a fairly early age - from about twenty years. Children suffer from this disease much less often. Myasthenia gravis most of them are female. In the presence of myasthenia, a serious question arises about the possibility of bearing and the birth of a child (very often, because of the weakness of labor, doctors resort to artificial childbirth or abortion at various stages of pregnancy), otherwise there is a risk for the life of the mother and child. It is better if the pregnancy is scheduled after the course of treatment. Causes of muscle weakness The causes of myasthenia gravis consist in the defeat of synapses - the places of connection of nerves with muscles. Thus, disturbed innervation is the primary reason why all other signs are already consequences.
The substance that contributes to the innervation of the muscle is acetylcholine. Immunity patient, who suffers from myasthenia, for some reason perceives acetylcholine as an "incorrect" substance, hostile to the body, and begins to produce antibodies to acetylcholine. Because of this, the nerve impulse is significantly disturbed in the muscle, which leads to the symptoms described above. However, the peculiarity is that the muscles, which seem to be inactive and must atrophy, retain their capabilities. In the body, alternative life support systems begin to work, which to some extent compensate for the deficiency, while maintaining this capacity for work. What diseases can muscle weakness say? Muscle weakness, can be not only an independent autoimmune disease, but also a symptom of other diseases and conditions of the body.
Thus, muscle weakness manifests itself with a lack of protein in the body, the presence of an inflammatory process, an infectious disease, intoxication, dehydration, electrolyte balance disorders, anemia, diabetes mellitus, thyroid disorders (in which metabolism is disturbed), neurological disease, poisoning, rheumatoid arthritis , Overdose of medicinal substances. Muscular weakness can occur with asthenic syndrome, emotional overload, stress.
Muscle weakness in the legs is a separate topic. There are a lot of reasons for it, and muscle weakness in the legs can be observed at any age. The main symptoms are trembling, rapid fatigue, hum. This is due to the wearing of shoes with high heels, standing work. In elderly people, weakness in the legs is more likely a natural phenomenon, because the body has suffered many loads over the years. In some cases, muscle weakness may be a symptom of ailments such as varicose veins, intervertebral hernia, arthritis, scoliosis, diabetes mellitus. In case of pain in the legs, treatment should be directed either to the underlying disease, or to correct activity (change of work, comfortable shoes, massage, baths).
Treatment of muscle weakness Previously, the disease was difficult to treat, but modern medicine has been able to reduce mortality in myasthenia and to establish a course of restorative physiotherapy in this disease. Usually, the majority of patients suffering from muscle weakness note positive dynamics after treatment, but with the proper proper treatment. Because the disease runs chronically, you can not talk about a complete cure - the disease can progress again, there are conditions of deterioration, and some patients are on maintenance therapy for life.
Naturally, the main treatment is medication. For each patient prescribes his own scheme of taking medications prescribed by a doctor. Prescribe substances that block the destroyers of acetylcholine. Of the widely used drugs, it is proserine, kalimine, metipred, prednisolone. In the treatment of muscle weakness, it is important to graduate the patient from this condition step by step. To do this, it is necessary to properly regulate the mode of work and rest, give the body sufficient physical effort, do not limit the use of water, monitor a variety of high-calorie meals. In the case of thermal conditions, a doctor must be observed.