Detailed Information About Muscle Relaxants Online Sale Without A Prescription
The musculoskeletal system of a man consists of muscles, bones, joints and ligaments. About a third of the population suffers from various violations of its function. Diseases of the joints take a leading place among its pathologies and often lead to the development of disability. They can be divided into two large groups: arthritis (inflammatory nature of the lesion) and arthrosis (arising from degenerative-dystrophic processes).
In a special group, states are distinguished when changes are associated with the growth of tumor tissue, as well as caused by diseases of other organs of the musculoskeletal system. For example, osteoporosis (a disease in which the density and strength of bone tissue decreases) leads to joint damage by redistributing the load on them - this is associated with a violation of the structure of bone tissue and a change in the mechanics of motion.
Among arthritis, the most common are infectious and rheumatoid. To this group also include gout, which develops as a result of the deposition of salts of uric acid. Quite rare is psoriatic arthritis (developing in 5% of patients with arthritis).
Arthrosis includes osteochondrosis, deforming osteoarthritis, Bechterew's disease.
Since the treatment of the above diseases, unfortunately, is not always effective, special attention should be paid to prevention.
The cause of joint diseases can be different states, their nature largely determines the course of pathology. The most significant reasons are:
Infectious agents (tuberculosis, streptococcus) can directly affect articular tissues, leading to the development of inflammatory changes - arthritis. In this case, the pathogenic microorganism is often found in the joint fluid, but in some cases it acts through toxins released into the blood.
A special type of joint disease is a cross-immune response to the foci of chronic streptococcal infection (usually in the tonsils). In this case, rheumatism or nonspecific polyarthritis develops.
The mechanical factor along with the infectious one takes a leading place among all causes of the pathology of the musculoskeletal system. Chronic traumatic effects lead to the development of professional arthrosis and arthritis, and excessive strain on the joints often aggravates the course of other diseases.
Allergy is often accompanied by the appearance of changes and pain in all joints of the body: this is due to the increased sensitivity of immune cells to specific proteins (allergens). Most common articular syndrome with allergies occurs against the background of the infectious process in the body.
Endocrine pathologies lead to disruption of mineral metabolism. As a result, bone tissue, cartilage is destroyed, and ligaments become softer and supple (exchange-dystrophic arthrosis, and osteoporosis). Endocrine arthritis also includes diabetic and acromegaly arthropathy, which are caused by a change in the level of hormones of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland.
Disturbance of blood supply in articular tissues leads to degenerative changes of cartilage (arthrosis). Also, with increased permeability of the vascular walls, the risk of infection is increased.
Hereditary predisposition, the patient's sex, hypothermia, low motor activity, malnutrition and obesity are only risk factors. The immediate causes of joint disease can be listed above the condition.
Symptoms and signs
Common symptoms of joint disease:
Pain at rest, during or after physical exertion.
Stiffness, limitation of mobility.
Local changes (i.e., in the affected area): redness of the skin, impaired sensitivity, fever, deformation of bone and cartilaginous tissue, swelling.
Crunch and jamming during movements.
For each specific disease, there are specific signs that distinguish them from each other.
To the development of joint diseases in children usually lead to congenital pathologies, among which the first place is dysplasia (underdevelopment) of the hip joints. It manifests itself as a congenital unilateral or bilateral dislocation. Signs of this condition are increased tone of the muscles of the back, different lengths of limbs, asymmetry of the gluteal folds and incomplete dilution of the legs. When the baby begins to walk - attracts the attention clubfoot, the desire to rely on socks and a characteristic crunch. Rarely, but other diseases that are characteristic of adults can also develop in children.
Methods of treatment
The methods of treating joint diseases can vary greatly depending on the specific pathology. Traditionally, they are divided into therapeutic (conservative) means, surgical intervention and alternative methods of treatment (folk, non-traditional medicine). What kind of method to treat this or that pathology is decided by the doctor after a complete examination of the patient, taking into account all his individual characteristics.
Treat with the help of therapeutic agents, you can almost all the lesions of the musculoskeletal system. Depending on the direction of the action, the drugs used are divided into two groups:
Etiotropic - that is, affecting the cause of the disease. For example, with the infectious nature of arthritis, antibiotics are prescribed, and for autoimmune reactions, steroid hormones are prescribed.
Symptomatic - eliminating the signs of illness. Among them, anti-inflammatory drugs are of the greatest importance, which reduce pain and slow down the processes of inflammation.
To effectively treat diseases of the musculoskeletal system, several forms of active substances can be used:
Solutions for injections;
Special concentrations of drugs in ampoules, when the drug is injected directly into the joint cavity.
In addition to medicines, conservative drugs include physiotherapy, massage, exercise therapy and some other ways.