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Many philistines who do not have medical education consider radiculitis a separate disease. This is not entirely true, since official medical reference books on the question of what is radiculitis describe the syndrome that characterizes the lesion of an individual element of the nervous system, a nerve that departs from the nerve ganglia or plexus. Radiculitis is an inflammation or deformation of the spine cord root. This pathology often develops in people suffering from osteochondrosis or having intervertebral hernias, because these diseases are accompanied by traumas and microdamages of the nervous tissue.
Anyone who at least once faced radiculitis, is unlikely to be able to confuse him with another disease. The main symptom is severe pain. In this case, unpleasant sensations can appear suddenly when performing the usual moderate loads, or after some time during rest. The pain is so strong that it is impossible to move, it literally paralyzes - if a person is in pain and spasm is caught in an uncomfortable position of the body, then it can persist until an acute episode is stopped. The most common radiculitis of the back in the lumbar and cervical spine (they experience maximum loads and have the greatest degree of freedom), chest radiculitis is not so common.
Pains appear more often locally, directly in the area of spine damage. Sometimes unpleasant sensations spread to neighboring areas - so, with cervical radiculitis pain can be given to the shoulder, shoulder or hand. When the roots are damaged in the thoracic spine, discomfort can be felt throughout the thorax. Pain with radiculitis can be of the nature of seizures and persist for several days, or on the contrary, appear only with certain movements, and their amplitude will not necessarily be as high as possible.
If the patient develops radiculitis, the symptoms of the disease can be manifested by a decrease in sensitivity in the affected area (the area spreading the sensitive fibers of the nerve). The thing is that because of the squeezing and inflammation in the affected area, the communication of nerve impulses from the muscles to the brain and in the opposite direction is disrupted. For the same reason, there may be weakness and subsequent atrophy of some muscles - they can not receive the necessary signals and are excited by the influence of nerve impulses from the central part of the nervous system.
Any diseases that lead to deformation of the intervertebral cartilage tissues, can lead to inflammation of the nerve roots. With dystrophy of the intervertebral discs, their increase and the accompanying deposition of salts, the nerve roots can receive excessive pressure, stretching, or are "clamped" between the dense tissues of the body. This is a typical clinical picture observed with osteochondrosis.
There is also a traumatic sciatica. Appears after serious injuries to the spine or with sudden careless movement. The cause of radiculitis can also be hypothermia. Often, the pathology develops against the background of chronic diseases of the body, theoretically the cause of radiculitis can be problems of the female reproductive system or circulatory disorders.
Inflammation of nerve roots can be caused by ingestion of an infection. Accordingly, the radiculitis caused by the virus is primary, and appeared against the background of another disease - secondary. Once this pathology was associated with the age of patients. But more and more often radiculitis is diagnosed in very young people, and in particular in children and adolescents.
There are interesting physiological tests that allow the doctor to make suspicions of the radiculitis of the back when examining the patient externally. In neglected forms of the disease, stiffness of movements can be observed, the instinctive acceptance of unnatural postures in patients, in which unpleasant sensations are minimal.
With radiculitis, the patient experiences unpleasant sensations, lifting the straight leg from the "lying on the back" position. Another test - the removal of a straight leg back from standing position. This also causes pain. Determine the sciatica of the lumbar region by pressing on the abdomen below the navel, the patient must lie down at the same time. All these manipulations for the determination of pathology should be performed by a physician. For the diagnosis is necessary to undergo roentgenological examination, tomography of various parts of the spinal column (respectively, the zone of injury or pain), electrophysiological study of the structures of the nervous system.
Symptoms of this pathology significantly worsen the patient's habitual quality of life. Official medicine offers medical anesthesia and complex therapy to eliminate the causes of inflammation. Massage, manual therapy, acupuncture, hirudotherapy and hardware methods of physiotherapy are effectively used to treat radiculitis. Therapy for this pathology is carried out in several sessions, sometimes they are required up to 15 inclusive. Hospitalization is not required. It is shown to patients suffering from this disease and sanatorium treatment. Good results in the fight against pathology give some means of traditional medicine. It is recommended to use them in consultation with the attending physician.
Some patients are also shown exercise physical therapy. The answer to the question of how to treat sciatica is purely individual, and depends on the nature and extent of damage to the nerve roots and the causes of pathology. An interesting fact is harmoniously developed back muscles and regular training for them, this is one of the best preventive measures.
One of the most effective means for treating radiculitis is the decoction of elderberry. You will need dried flowers of herbaceous elderberry, 2-3 tablespoons should be poured half a liter of hot water and cook over low heat for about 10 minutes. Insist 40 minutes, take before each meal of 100 grams. The resulting broth has an unpleasant taste, if desired, you can add honey.
If a patient develops radiculitis - treatment is required, but to do warm compressions or warming up when the disease worsens without doctor's appointment is strictly prohibited. To eliminate pain, you can use the natural warmth of the human body - you need to wear warming belts or corsets, with cervical radiculitis, the exit from the situation will be warm scarves. At home, you can do a massage, consisting of careful stroking and rubbing. This manipulation will allow us to establish blood circulation in the affected area and slightly to calm down unpleasant sensations.
Now you know what is radiculitis. We recommend that you consult a doctor already when you find the first symptoms of this pathology. After the faster the treatment is started, the faster its result will be achieved.